Publications The following published articles and presentations were created by Paul DeMaio: Bike-sharing: History, Impacts, Models of Provision, and Future. Journal of Public Transportation. Winter 2009. The Bike-Sharing Phenomenon – The History of Bike-Sharing. Carbusters. November 2008. Bike-sharing Vendors: A-Z. Cycling Mobility. June 2011. Capital Bikeshare’s First-mile/Last-mile Ridership. Transportation Research Board presentation. Washington, D.C. January 2014. Smart Bikes: Public Transportation for the 21st Century. Transportation Quarterly. Winter 2003. Will Smart Bikes Succeed as Public Transportation in the United States? Journal of Public Transportation.2004.